Police response to the first month of protests and demonstrations in Richmond cost the city more than $1.6 million in overtime pay for officers.
Add to that damage to city-owned property from vandalism and violence that stemmed from the protests and clashes with police, and the total cost to the city – and in turn city taxpayers – exceeded $1.73 million since late May, according to numbers provided by the Richmond Police Department and the city finance department through a Freedom of Information Act request.
The numbers are for costs incurred since May 25, the day George Floyd was killed at the hands of Minneapolis police officers, and June 25, the date of BizSense’s FOIA request. The $1.6 million in overtime costs for RPD officers is from May 25 through the department’s pay period that ended July 3. The amount includes overtime for SWAT personnel.
The $1.6 million in overtime costs equates to 20 percent what RPD spent on operations monthly, on average, in fiscal year 2020, according to the city’s adopted budget for the 12-month period that ended June 30.
RPD’s total budget for FY20 was roughly $98.27 million, or $8.18 million monthly on average.
RPD did not provide a requested comparison to operational costs for the same period last year, or a distinction between regular operational costs and the additional costs attributable to the protest activity. The response from William Shipman, associate general counsel to the department, said no records were found for that particular request.
Shipman’s response also excluded a requested list of dates that RPD requested mutual aid from other law enforcement agencies and National Guard assistance. He cited a state statute that allows agencies to exclude records that contain specific tactical plans, the disclosure of which, the statute states, “would jeopardize the safety or security of law-enforcement personnel or the general public.”
The response did say that RPD did not incur any costs for requesting such aid.
City property damage sustained through June 25 included: $110,194 in damage to 39 city vehicles; $1,792 in workers’ compensation claims paid for injuries to two city employees; $18,186 for window replacement at the John Marshall Courts Building and the RPD headquarters building; and $3,077 in repairs to a parking meter pay station.
Jim Nolan, spokesman for Mayor Levar Stoney’s office, addressed the expenditures in an emailed statement Thursday.
“It goes without saying that the nearly unprecedented civil unrest in recent weeks has had a substantial impact on emergency response and related expenditures,” Nolan said. “One factor that does not change, however, is our ongoing responsibility to ensure the public health and public safety of our residents, employees, business owners and visitors. The city spends, and will continue to spend, the resources necessary to do so.”
Richmond’s Economic Development Authority has said it will provide $500,000 in grants from the city’s CARE program to help downtown businesses that sustained damage from rioting. Also in the works is a $3 million grant program for businesses affected by the economic shutdown, using federal CARES Act dollars.
A GRTC Pulse bus was torched during a riot in the early morning May 30. While not a city department, GRTC deemed the bus a total loss and estimated the cost at $475,000, an agency spokesperson confirmed.
Police funding comparison
The police department’s total budget for FY20 equated to nearly $441 per city resident, based on the city’s population (222,853) in 2017 – the U.S. Census data year referenced in the city budget. RPD had 892.5 employees in FY20.
The adopted budget for FY21, which started July 1, reduces RPD’s budget per capita to $430, equating to a total department budget of roughly $99.35 million. RPD’s staff also is lower at 881.5 – 11 fewer employees budgeted.
The numbers are notable amid calls across the country to “defund” police departments, or otherwise reallocate funds to other public services, in the wake of the protests highlighting instances of police brutality against Black Americans. Richmond City Council adopted the FY21 budget May 11, two weeks before Floyd’s death.
RPD is one of 14 departments participating in a performance-based budgeting process introduced as part of the FY21 budget. The department’s portion of the budget highlights performance goals such as reducing the violent crime rate by 13 percent in FY20 and in calendar year 2021, and reducing the property crime rate by 9 percent in those same years.
The department budget states: “Through internal programs and external partnerships, community policing, and civic engagement, the department is constantly working to make the City of Richmond a safer place. This measure is tracked by the Richmond Police Department on a calendar year basis.”
In a press conference Wednesday addressing six shootings in seven hours in the city that resulted in two deaths, one of those a juvenile, Deputy Chief John O’Kleasky said homicides for the year are down 10 percent, violent crimes overall are down 22 percent, and victims shot are down 14 percent compared to last year. He said overall crime – including major, property and violent crimes – is down 10 percent.
Other police departments affected
Response to the protests has affected neighboring law enforcement agencies outside the city.
Henrico County Police responded to Richmond protests five times from May 29 to June 14, assigning a total of 200 personnel to the protests, according to its response to a FOIA request from BizSense. The total estimated personnel cost to the county was a little more than $69,000.
As the protests wore on, Henrico generally allocated fewer personnel to respond. On May 29, 61 police personnel responded to protests. On May 30, 58 personnel were assigned to the city’s mutual aid request. On May 31 and June 1, 28 and 26 personnel responded to protests, respectively.
By June 14, the last time Henrico Police responded to city protests during the period for which records were requested, there were 27 personnel involved in the division’s response.
Damage to Henrico Police vehicles was minimal, estimated at $100.
BizSense has requested similar data from Chesterfield County. That request is still being processed.
BizSense reporter Jack Jacobs contributed to this report.