Oil detection process, apparatus and taggant therefor
Patent No. 9,546,966
A process for detecting oil or lubricant contamination in a manufactured product (C), preferably a cigarette (C), the process comprising adding a fluorescent taggant to oils or lubricants contained in processing machinery for said product (C), conveying (131) said product (C) past an infrared detection apparatus (140), irradiating said product (C) with infrared radiation from said detection apparatus (140) as it passes the detection apparatus (140), and detecting infrared radiation emitted from said irradiated product (C). The taggant can be in the form of a composition containing a Stokes-shifting taggant, which absorbs radiation at a first wavelength and emits radiation at a second wavelength, different from said first wavelength, dissolved or dispersed in an oil or lubricant.
Inventors: Edmond J. Cadieux Jr. (Mechanicsville, Va.), William James Faenza (Andreas, Penn.)
Assignee: Altria Client Serices (Richmond)
Jan. 17, 2017
Slide card for selective insertion and withdrawal from a sleeve
Patent No. 9,546,035
The slide card includes a base panel and a locking panel. The base panel includes a first portion and a second portion. The first portion has at least one first embossment integrally formed therewith and projecting therefrom. The locking panel is integrally formed with the base panel. The locking panel is hingedly connected directly to one of the end edges of the base panel along a hinge. The locking panel is folded about the hinge to take a folded position where the locking panel is disposed over the first portion of the base panel. The locking panel has at least one second embossment integrally formed therewith and projecting therefrom. The at least one the first embossment and the at least one second embossment are disposed next to each other with the hinge disposed therebetween.
Inventors: Christopher J. Hession (Mechanicsville, Va.)
Assignee: WestRock MWV (Norcross, Ga.)
Jan. 17, 2017
Friction modifiers for lubricating oils
Patent No. 9,550,955
A lubricating oil comprises a major amount of a base oil and a minor amount of an additive package, and the additive package comprises at least one friction modifier of formula I: ##STR00001## where R is a linear or branched, saturated, unsaturated, or partially saturated hydrocarbyl having about 8 to about 22 carbon atoms or R is represented by: ##STR00002## and R.sub.1 is a linear or branched, saturated, unsaturated, or partially saturated hydrocarbyl having about 8 to about 22 carbon atoms and R.sub.2 is hydrogen or a hydrocarbyl having about 1 to about 2 carbon atoms. Methods of using the lubricating oil to improve thin film and/or boundary layer friction in an engine are also disclosed.
Inventors: John T. Loper (Richmond), Jeremy P. Styer (Richmond)
Assignee: Afton Chemical Corp. (Richmond)
Jan. 24, 2017
Management of energy demand and energy efficiency savings from voltage optimization on electric power systems using AMI-based data analysis
Patent No. 9,553,453
A method, apparatus, system and computer program is provided for controlling an electric power system, including implementation of a voltage control and conservation (VCC) system used to optimally control the independent voltage and capacitor banks using a linear optimization methodology to minimize the losses in the EEDCS and the EUS. An energy validation process system (EVP) is provided which is used to document the savings of the VCC and an EPP is used to optimize improvements to the EEDCS for continuously improving the energy losses in the EEDS. The EVP system measures the improvement in the EEDS a result of operating the VCC system in the “ON” state determining the level of energy conservation achieved by the VCC system.
Inventors: Stephen J. Tyler (Henrico County, Va,), Powell; Phillip W. Powell (Chesterfield, Va.)
Assignee: Dominion Resources Inc. (Richmond)
Jan. 24, 2017