Celestial navigation using stellar narrow-band emission
A method is provided for characterizing luminous celestial objects (e.g., stars) in celestial navigation of a missile system. The method includes segmenting, assigning, measuring, computing, ratioing, producing, scaling, and determining operations. Segmenting includes subdividing wavelength range into discrete contiguous bins. Assigning arranges each bin into a plurality of color bands. Establishing sets a transmissivity to each bin of each color band. Computing calculates broad-based fluxes for a reference value as a reference flux. Ratioing computes a ratio between the target flux to the library flux as a color scale for each band. Squaring determines the library flux for each band as a library flux squared. Producing sums a spectral scale over the color bands, a second multiplication of the color scale and the library flux squared as a first sum product, and sums over all the bands the library flux squared as a second sum product and dividing the sum products. Scaling factors each measured intensity of the measured intensities as a scaled intensity by multiplying each target intensity by the spectral scale for each bin. Determining sums a scaled broad-band flux for each band over the bins, a third multiplication of the transmissivity and the scaled intensity.
Inventors: Mark J. Anderson (Mechanicsville)
July 17, 2012[private]
Inner frame stiffener for blister card packaging
A blister card package structure with increased support comprising a first card having an inner surface and an outer surface, the first card defining an outer edge, a second card having an inner surface and an outer surface, the second card defining an opening therein and an outer edge, a blister having a body portion and a flange, wherein the body portion extends through the opening in the second card, and wherein the flange is positioned between the inner surfaces of the first and second cards, and an inner frame stiffener positioned between the inner surfaces of the first and second cards, wherein the inner surface of the first card is sealingly connected to the inner surface of the second card along the outer edges of the first and second cards.
Inventors: Michael Wade (Chesterfield)
Assignee: MeadWestvaco Corp. (Richmond)
July 24, 2012
Carbon beads with multimodal pore size distribution
A method of producing a multi-modal pore distribution activated carbon is provided herein by preparing a solution comprising a polymer precursor, mixing an additional material with the polymer precursor in the solution, cross-linking the polymer precursor with the additional material mixed therein, carbonizing the mixture of the polymer precursor and the additional material, and activating the carbonized mixture to form a multi-modal pore distribution activated carbon. The multi-modal pore distribution activated carbon can include pores less than 20 .ANG. and greater than 30 .ANG. or 500 .ANG. depending upon the sorption properties desired, wherein the pore distribution of the activated carbon can be tailored to provide predetermined kinetics and/or gaseous constituent equilibrium isotherms.
Inventors: Georgios D. Karles (Richmond); Gunaranjan Viswanathan (Chandler, Ariz.); John Layman (Blacksburg); Shuzhong Zhuang (Richmond)
Assignee: Philip Morris USA Inc. (Richmond)
July 24, 2012
Medical injector with compliance tracking and monitoring
A system includes a medicament delivery device and a container configured to receive at least a portion of the medicament delivery device. The medicament delivery device includes an actuator and a first electronic circuit system. The actuator is configured to initiate delivery of a medicament into a body when the actuator is moved from a first position to a second position. The first electronic circuit system is configured to output a first electronic signal when the actuator is moved from the first position to the second position. The container includes a second electronic circuit system configured to receive the first electronic signal. The second electronic circuit system is configured to output a second electronic signal associated with the first electronic signal.
Inventors: Eric S. Edwards (Midlothian); Evan T. Edwards (Fredericksburg); Mark J. Licata (Doswell); Paul F. Meyers (Fishers, Ind.); David A. Weinzierl (Andover, Minn.); T. Spencer Williamson IV (Richmond)
Assignee: Intelliject, Inc. (Richmond)
July 24, 2012
Lubricating composition with good oxidative stability and reduced deposit formation
A lubricant composition that is particularly suited for use in steam and gas turbine oils and in circulating oils has a balance of excellent oxidative stability and reduced sludge formation and comprises a blended mixture of alkylated phenyl-.alpha.-naphthylamine and at least oil soluble triazole or triazole derivative in an oil of lubricating viscosity, such compositions being capable of a residual RPVOT of 25% after at least 500 hours test duration test duration 120.degree. C. in Dry TOST test or, alternatively 50% after 700 hours or 25% after 1000 hours.
Inventors: Helen T. Ryan (London); Ricky Shyam Prasad (London); John M. Taylor (Chesterfield)
Assignee: Afton Chemical Corporation (Richmond)
July 24, 2012
Closure device for skull plates and related method thereof
A method and means of cranial bone flap fixation that provides, among other things, the re-opening, resetting and/or repositioning of the bone flap during neurosurgical procedures. The instrumentation central to this method and means is MR and CT-visible to aid in imaging-based localization of it. The method and means can also be used in other types of medical procedures where certain kinds of hard or firm tissue fixation is desirable according to the method of the invention.
Inventors: William C. Broaddus (Midlothian); Zhi-Jian Chen (Glen Allen); George T. Gillies (Charlottesville)
Assignee: University of Virginia Patent Foundation (Charlottesville)
July 24, 2012
Process for preparing macrocyclic compounds
Disclosed is a process for preparing a macrocyclic compound of the formula (I) wherein a hydroxyl-substituted macrocyclic compound of formula (3) is reacted with a sulfonyl-substituted compound of formula QUIN: ##STR00001## The compounds of formula (I) are potent active agents for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.
Inventors: Carl Alan Busacca (Poughkeepsie, N.Y.); Fabrice Gallou (Basel, Switzerland), Haddad; Nizar (Danbury, Conn.); Azad Hossain (Glen Allen); Suresh R. Kapadia (Danbury, Conn.); Jianxiu Liu (Richmond); Chris H. Senanayake (Brookfield, Conn.); Xudong Wei (Ridgefield, Conn.); Nathan K. Yee (Danbury)
Assignee: Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH (Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany)
July 17, 2012
Apparatus, system, and method for aftertreatment control and diagnostics
A method includes providing an exhaust stream for an internal combustion engine, where the exhaust stream is fluidly coupled to an aftertreatment component. The method includes optically determining an amount of an exhaust gas constituent in the exhaust stream. The method further includes modifying a model stored on a computer readable medium in response to the amount of the exhaust gas constituent. The model is an engine NO.sub.x generation model, a catalyst NO.sub.x storage model, a catalyst NO.sub.x conversion model, a catalyst NO to NO.sub.2 conversion model, a catalyst conversion efficiency model, an engine soot generation model, and/or a urea hydrolysis model.
Inventors: John M. Janssen (Henrico); Frederick H. Lindner (Aesch, Switzerland); Matthew L. Schneider (Seymour, Ind.)
Assignee: Cummins Inc. (Columbus, Ind.)
July 17, 2012
Methods to determine the durability and wear-resistance of soft armor
Methods to determine the durability and wear-resistance of soft armor. Observations on field tested articles of soft body armor indicate that the materials are subject to a combination of flexing, tensile, compressive and abrasive forces. The forces and stresses to which soft armor articles are subjected to can be duplicated in a controlled, isolated, measurable, appropriate and intuitive manner, to correlate ballistic performance with durability and wear characteristics. The tests closely approximate the forces and stresses experienced in the end use of ballistic resistant composite articles.
Inventors: Henry G. Ardiff (Chesterfield); David A. Hurst (Richmond); Duane R. Prior (Richmond); Brian H. Waring (Chester); Lori L. Wagner (Richmond); Carolyn S. Westmark (Richmond)
Assignee: Honeywell International, Inc. (Morristown, N.J.)
July 24, 2012
Roller bearing backing ring
A novel two-piece backing ring assembly for a railcar axle is presented. The backing ring assembly has an annular body affixed to the fillet of the journal and a locking ring for further affixing the annular body into position on the journal. The locking ring has an inboard end affixed to the dust guard of the shaft and an outboard end for engaging a slot in the annular body. The locking ring assembly may be retrofitted to older generation railcar axles to increase the structural rigidity of the bearing assembly and minimize fretting wear caused by railcar axle deflection.
Inventors: Paul A. Hubbard (Petersburg); Mark W. K. Fetty (Chesterfield); John Oliver (Flossmoor, Ill.)
Assignee: Amsted Rail Company, Inc. (Chicago)
July 24, 2012
Electrical insulation fluids for use in electrical apparatus
Insulation fluids comprising polytrimethylene ether glycol esters are provided. The insulation fluids can be used in electrical apparatuses.
Inventors: Lisa C. Bates (Chester); Hari Babu Sunkara (Hockessin, Germany)
Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (Wilmington, Del.)
July 24, 2012[/private]